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Knee Osteoarthritis Treatment in Sahakar Nagar



Knee osteoarthritis is a common degenerative joint disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the cartilage that cushions the knee joint gradually wears away, leading to pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility.


Symptoms of Knee Osteoarthritis

The symptoms of knee osteoarthritis can vary in severity and may develop gradually. Common signs include:

  • Pain: Persistent pain during or after movement, and even at rest in advanced stages.

  • Stiffness: Joint stiffness, particularly in the morning or after periods of inactivity.

  • Swelling: Swelling around the knee joint, which may be accompanied by warmth.

  • Reduced Range of Motion: Difficulty moving the knee fully, leading to a limited range of motion.

  • Crepitus: A sensation of grinding, popping, or cracking when moving the knee.

  • Weakness: Muscle weakness around the knee, making it feel unstable or wobbly.


Treatment Options for Knee Osteoarthritis

Medications:

  • Pain Relievers: Over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen or NSAIDs (ibuprofen, naproxen) to reduce pain and inflammation.

  • Topical Treatments: Creams and gels containing pain-relieving ingredients applied directly to the knee.

  1. Physical Therapy:

  • Exercise Programs: Strengthening the muscles around the knee to improve stability and reduce pain.

  • Manual Therapy: Techniques to improve joint function and mobility.

  1. Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Weight Management: Losing excess weight to reduce stress on the knee joints.

  • Activity Modification: Avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms and incorporating low-impact exercises like swimming or cycling.

  1. Assistive Devices:

  • Braces and Supports: Providing additional stability and support to the knee.

  • Orthotic Inserts: Custom shoe inserts to improve alignment and reduce stress on the knee.

  1. Injections:

  • Corticosteroids: Injections to reduce inflammation and provide temporary pain relief.

  • Hyaluronic Acid: Injections to lubricate the knee joint and improve movement.

  1. Surgical Options:

  • Arthroscopy: Minimally invasive surgery to remove loose fragments of cartilage.

  • Osteotomy: Surgery to realign the bones and reduce stress on the knee joint.

  • Joint Replacement: Total or partial knee replacement for severe cases where other treatments have failed.


Conclusion

Knee osteoarthritis is a chronic condition that can significantly impact daily life, but with proper management and treatment, many people can maintain an active and fulfilling lifestyle. Consult our best orthopedic surgeon at Medstar Speciality Hospital to develop a personalized treatment plan that suits your needs.

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